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Richard G. Trefry Archives Exhibits

American Public University System’s Richard G. Trefry Archives contain documents and items that represent the history, development, and progress of the institution as its recorded memory.

Browse Items (12 total)

Photograph showing destruction of New Police Station
The New Police Station was the focal point of Japanese resistance as American forces began entering the government section of Manila. The building was heavily fortified with one first floor room had three sandbag machine gun emplacements. American…

Photograph showing destruction of Puerta de Parian (Parian Gate) of Intramuros
Securing Intramuros proceeded like a classical siege with modern weapons. Artillery positioned at the Post Office and City Hall supported the assault on the Walled City. Japanese forces blocked and covered the Parian Gate with strong pillboxes just…

Photograph showing damage along Rizal Avenue in Manila
This portion of Manila saw little street fighting as compared to action which occurred across the Pasig at the government buildings and Intramuros. As the Allied Filipino and American forces made their way into the city, Japanese troops guarding the…

Photograph showing destruction around Letran College in Intramuros
Pictured is Letran College (Colegio de San Juan de Letran) with the damaged walls of Intramuros before it. Letran was the site where American units rendezvoused upon entering the Walled City. The building was damaged during the initial artillery…

Photograph showing destruction around Letran College in Intramuros
A large pile of rubble of the wall of Intramuros can be seen in front of Letran College. This was a breach point in the wall that American soldiers used to enter into the Walled City. Damage can also be seen to the trees lining the walls. Letran…

Photograph showing damage to Intramuros from across the Pasig
Intramuros, or the Walled City, is a walled area within Manila. Built by the Spanish in the late 16th century, the wall surrounding this section served as a barricades against any potential foreign invasions. The walls in places were eight feet thick…

Photograph showing Taxis located in front of a damaged Post Office Building
The horse-drawn carriages lined up in front of the Post Office are called Kalesa. You can see on the rounded wing of the Post Office that the roof is missing as well as extensive scorching. Artillery and other fire damage can be seen on the front of…

Photograph showing the damage to the University of the Philippines, Medical Science Building
The Medical Science Building was made of reinforced concrete, which enabled it to withstand artillery fire. Japanese troops stationed in the buildings were able to cover the approaches to the building with machine gun emplacements at the foundations…

Photograph showing General Douglas MacArthur getting into a car
The campaign to retake the Philippines from Japanese occupation was a lengthy and complicated matter. The Battle of Manila was just oneevent in the overall whole of the campaign and it took place while other actions were taking place elsewhere in the…

Photograph showing the damage to Post Office Building
The assault on the Post Office took place simultaneously as the one on City Hall. The Post Office was five stories of earthquake proof reinforced concrete, which made it nearly impervious to direct artillery, tank and tank destroyer fire. The inside…
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